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Citation. 377 U.S. 533, 84 S. Ct. 1362, 12 L. Ed. 2d 506, 1964 U.S. 1002.
Brief Fact Summary. By failing to reapportion seats for its legislature for 60 years, Alabama’s voting scheme permitted a minority of the people in the State to elect a majority of the State’s lawmakers.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. The Equal Protection Clause of the United States Constitution (Constitution) requires that the seats in both houses of a bicameral state legislature be apportioned on a population basis.
Alabama failed for over 60 years to reapportion seats for the Alabama Legislature. This resulted in a scheme by which a minority of the people in the State could elect a majority of the State’s legislators. Issue.
Was Alabama’s apportionment scheme in violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution?