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Lochner v. United States

Law Dictionary

Law Dictionary

Featuring Black's Law Dictionary 2nd Ed.
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Constitutional Law Keyed to Stone

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Bloomberg Law

Citation. 198 U.S. 45, 25 S. Ct. 539, 49 L. Ed. 937; 1905 U.S. 1153.

Brief Fact Summary. A New York statute regulated the number of hours bakers could work.

Synopsis of Rule of Law. The right to make a contract in relation to one’s business, is a part of the liberty of the individual protected by the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution (Constitution).

Facts. A New York statute provided that no employee shall work in a bakery more than 60 hours a week or 10 hours a day. The stated purpose of the statute was to protect the health of individuals involved in the baker profession.

Issue. Was the New York law regulating bakers’ hours a fair, reasonable and appropriate exercise of the State’s police powers?
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