Brief Fact Summary. Mary Sue Davis (Defendant) sought control of the seven frozen embryos stored in a fertility clinic when her husband, Junior Davis (Plaintiff), filed for divorce.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. When the person seeking control of preembryos intends only to donate them to another couple, the objecting person has the greater interest and should prevail.
However, they do have an interest in the nature of ownership, to the extent that they have decision-making authority concerning disposition of the preembryos, within the scope of policy set by law.View Full Point of Law
Issue. When the person seeking control of preembryos intends only to donate them to another couple, does the objecting person have the greater interest and should that person prevail?
Held. (Daughtrey, J.)Â Yes.Â When the person seeking control of preembryos intends only to donate them to another couple, the objecting person has the greater interest and should prevail.Â There is a constitutional right to privacy that includes the right of procreational autonomy, including the right to procreate and the right to avoid procreation.Â Preembryos are neither persons nor property but occupy an interim category, entitling them to special respect because of their potential for human life.Â In addition, the state’s interest in potential human life is insufficient to justify an infringement on the procreational autonomy of the persons providing the gametes [reproductive cells].Â Defendant’s interest in donation is not as significant as Plaintiff’s interest in avoiding parenthood.Â If Defendant were seeking to use the preembryos herself, this case would be closer.Â Affirmed in favor of the Plaintiff.
Discussion. The court pointed out that its rule did not create an automatic veto.Â The court should first look to the preferences of the parents to resolve disputes involving the disposition of preembryos.Â Where a dispute exists, any prior agreement regarding disposition should be enforced.Â However, if an agreement does not exist, the interests of each party must be weighed.Â In most cases, the person wanting to avoid procreation, i.e. parenthood, should prevail.