ProfessorMelissa A. Hale
CaseCast™ – "What you need to know"
Brief Fact Summary. Plaintiff Klocek, purchased a computer from Defendant Gateway, Inc. Inside the box containing the instruction manuals was a copy of Defendant’s Standard Terms and Conditions Agreement. The agreement stated that it is accepted by the purchaser if the purchaser keeps the computer longer than five days. One of the provisions in Defendant’s agreement requires arbitration.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. Terms received with a product do not become part of the contract unless the non-merchant buyer expressly agrees to them.
Issue. Did the arbitration provision become part of the contract?
Held. No. The arbitration provision did not become part of the contract.
The UCC applies because the contract is for the sale of goods.
The Court characterizes Defendant’s agreement as an acceptance. Because the agreement does not condition the acceptance on Plaintiff’s assent to the terms, it is not a counteroffer.
Because Plaintiff is not a merchant, Plaintiff has to expressly agree to the additional terms for them to become a part of the contract. The Court found that the five-day acceptance of terms did not constitute express agreement by Plaintiff.
The Court holds that the arbitration provision did not become part of the contract because Plaintiff did not expressly agree to the terms.
Discussion. In the present case, Plaintiff, not a merchant, did not expressly agree to the arbitration provision included in the box with the computer Plaintiff purchased from Defendant. Because Plaintiff did not expressly agree to it, the provision did not become part of the contract between the parties.