Brief Fact Summary. The Defendant, C. Schmidt & Sons, Inc. (Defendant), breached the oral agreement allowing Plaintiff, North Shore Bottling Co. (Plaintiff), to be the exclusive distributor of its product. Defendant asserts the Statute of Frauds (SOF) as an affirmative defense.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. A contract must be in writing if by its terms it is not to be performed within one year from the making thereof.
Issue. Does the power by Defendant to put an end to the contract within one year, make the agreement fall under the SOF and be unenforceable?
Held. No. The terms of the contract made it possible for performance to occur within one year. The “one year” provision of the SOF only covers contracts which parties cannot perform within one year.
The contract is performable within one year and therefore it falls outside the SOF. If a long relationship is contemplated then it is within the SOF, not to be performed within one year.
If the obligation of the contract is not by its very terms or necessary construction, to endure for a longer period than one year, it is a valid agreement, although it may be capable of indefinite continuance.
The SOF only applies to agreements which are, by expressed stipulation, not to be performed within one year. It does not apply to an agreement which appears by its terms to be capable of performance within a year or to cases in which the performance of the agreement depends upon a contingency which may or may not happen within the year.
Discussion. The SOF one year provision applies only to agreements that are, by expressed stipulation, not to be performed within one year. If it is possible for contract performance to be completed within one year, then the contract is not covered by the SOF.