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Allegheny College v. National Chautauqua County Bank of Jamestown

Law Dictionary

Law Dictionary

Featuring Black's Law Dictionary 2nd Ed.
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Contracts Keyed to Murphy

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Bloomberg Law

Citation. 22 Ill.246 N.Y. 369, 159 N.E. 173 (1927)

Brief Fact Summary. The Defendant, National Chautauqua County Bank of Jamestown (Defendant), promised to pay Plaintiff, Allegheny College (Plaintiff), $5,000 for a scholarship fund in Defendant’s name. Plaintiff accepted part payment and held the money for the fund. Defendant refused to pay the remaining balance of the $5,000.

Synopsis of Rule of Law. An assumption of duty to promise whatever was necessary to carry out the conditions of her gift is valid consideration.

Facts. Plaintiff sent a letter of appeal as part of its fundraising drive to Johnston who at the time of the case was deceased. In response, Johnson sent a letter promising $5,000 due 30 days after her death. The letter ordered her Executor to pay the sum out of the estate added to Plaintiff’s endowment in accordance with instructions found on the reverse of the letter. The reverse said “In loving memory this gift shall be known as the Mary Yates Johnston Memorial Fund, the proceeds from which shall be used to educate students preparing for the Ministry, either in the U.S. or in the Foreign Field.” Made only on the condition that provisions of her will are first met. $1,000 was paid two years after the date of letter and while Johnston was still alive. Plaintiff put this money aside to be held as a scholarship in Johnson’s name. Later Johnston sent notice of her revocation. Thirty days after Johnston’s death Plaintiff brought the suit against the executors.

Issue. Is the promise made with consideration and thus enforceable?
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