Brief Fact Summary. The Plaintiff, Bak-A-Lum Corp. of America (Plaintiff), sued the Defendant, Alcoa Building Products, Inc. (Defendant), for damages resulting from the Defendant terminating its exclusive distributor agreement with the Plaintiff.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. In every contract, there is an “implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing,” which requires that neither party do anything to destroy or limit the right of the other party to collect under the contract.
The court held that the defendant's selfish withholding from plaintiff of its intention to seriously impair its distributorship, although knowing plaintiff was embarking on an investment substantially predicated upon its continuation constituted a breach of the implied covenant of dealing in good faith.View Full Point of Law
Issue. Does keeping secret the pending termination of an exclusive contract, while the other party enters into a long-term lease to maintain the contract, constitute a breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing?
Held. Yes. Judgment affirmed with modified damages.
The period of time that had passed before termination was reasonable, but the amount of notice was not.
Defendant encouraged Plaintiff to expand its warehouse facilities, while concealing its intention to terminate its agreement. If Defendant’s intention had been communicated to Plaintiff, Plaintiff likely would not have signed the lease without getting certain assurances from Defendant.
Discussion. Defendant’s withholding of information from Plaintiff (i.e., that Defendant would be substantially limiting Plaintiff’s distributorship) was in bad faith and constituted a breach of the implied covenant of good faith. Accordingly, Defendant’s actions “must be given substantial weight in determining the reasonableness of notice of termination.”