Brief Fact Summary. The Petitioner, Coppage (Petitioner), was found guilty of violating the Kansas state law that prohibited employers from asking employees not to join or remain a member of a labor union as a condition of employment.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. States are prohibited from the arbitrary interference with a person’s freedom to contract because of the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment of the United States Constitution (Constitution).
Held. No. Employment relations are the same as a contractual arrangement. Both contracting parties have the right to terminate the employment ‘at-will’ for any reason. At the onset, the employee has the choice to refuse employment if union membership is more valued than the position offered.
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Discussion. The Supreme Court of the United States (Supreme Court) indicates that the decision of a person to accept employment, while refraining from joining a union is not infringing upon any freedom. Both the employer and employee are free to choose how their relationship will be defined.See More Course Videos