Login

Login

To access this feature, please Log In or Register for your Casebriefs Account.

Add to Library

Add

Search

Login
Register

Warren v. Albrecht

    Brief Fact Summary. Appeal from an action to quiet title to land that involves the Rule Against Perpetuities (RAP).

    Synopsis of Rule of Law. An interest is not valid unless it must vest, if at all, not later than 21 years after some life in being at the creation of the interest.

    Facts. Devisee, grandchild of the testator (Devisee), was given a life estate in land. Devisee’s child or children were given a contingent remainder in fee simple. The descendants of his children were given an alternative contingent remainder in fee simple. His sisters were also given alternative contingent remainders in fee simple. Devisee argues that the interests in his violated the RAP and seeks to quiet title. The trial court granted summary judgment for the sister of the testator.

    Issue. Is an interest not valid unless it must vest, if at all, not later than 21 years after some life in being at the creation of the interest?

    Held. Yes. An interest is not valid unless it must vest, if at all, not later than 21 years after some life in being at the creation of the interest. We must first identify the status of title. This is the process of identifying present and future interests transferred by deed or will. Only by this process can one determine if a particular interest in the property violates the RAP. Here, Devisee has a life estate. His child or children have contingent remainders in fee simple. The descendants of his children were given an alternative contingent remainder in fee simple. His sisters were also given alternative contingent remainders in fee simple. His heirs at law were not determined until his death and after his death possessed an alternative contingent remainder in fee simple. Devisee claims that the gift to the sisters as an alternative to any children that might exist violated the RAP. However, the interest vests at Devisee’s death. Devisee either dies with children or without child
    ren. This necessarily occurs within 21 years after Devisee’s death. Therefore, the interests do not violate the RAP.

    Discussion. A contingent remainder exists if there is a condition precedent to vesting. Any interests must vest within 21 years of some measuring life in existence at the time that the interest is created in order to avoid violating the RAP.


    Create New Group

      Casebriefs is concerned with your security, please complete the following