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Campbell v. Indiana

    Brief Fact Summary.

    Campbell filed suit against the State of Indiana after sustaining injuries in a car accident due to Indiana’s failure to mark yellow lines on the highway

    Synopsis of Rule of Law.

    Sovereign immunity does not apply if a plaintiff sues a state for breach of duty owed to a private individual and the state abolished the doctrine of sovereign immunity.

    Facts.

    Campbell filed suit against the State of Indiana after sustaining injuries in a car accident due to Indiana’s failure to mark yellow lines on the highway. Knotts also sued the state for failure to properly maintain a crosswalk. The trial court dismissed the complaints and the appellate courts affirmed.

    Issue.

    Whether sovereign immunity applies if a plaintiff sues a state for breach of duty owed to a private individual and the state abolished the doctrine of sovereign immunity

    Held.

    No. The judgments of the appellate courts are reversed. Campbell and Knotts have sufficiently shown that the state negligently breached duties owed to private individuals.

    Discussion.

    Sovereign immunity does not apply if a plaintiff sues a state for breach of duty owed to a private individual and the state abolished the doctrine of sovereign immunity.


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