Brief Fact Summary. The Plaintiff, Mrs. Taylor (Plaintiff), was injured when her car collided with a tree that had fallen across the road. The tree had fallen from the property of the Defendant, Marion Olsen (Defendant). The trial court directed a verdict for Defendant.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. The standard of care a landowner owes in relation to roadside trees is reasonable care to prevent an unreasonable risk of harm.
Issue. Is a landowner liable for damages caused when a tree on her property falls into a public roadway, when there was no previous evidence to suggest that the tree is not structurally sound?
Held. No. Judgment affirmed.
* Except in extreme circumstances, the Court holds that the standard of care a landowner owes in relation to roadside trees is reasonable care to prevent an unreasonable risk of harm. In the present case, Defendant was using the land for logging purposes and had logged trees adjacent to the tree in question. There was no surface evidence on the tree to suggest that it was decayed. There was no evidence to suggest that chopping or drilling into the trunk would have been an expected way to examine a standing tree. Therefore, it was not error for the court to direct a verdict for the Defendant.
Discussion. Most courts hold that there is no duty on the landowner to protect persons outside the property in regard to most land conditions that arise in the state of nature.