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Delair v. McAdoo

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Brief Fact Summary. Defendant attempted to pass Plaintiff as they were driving in their cars. Defendant’s tire exploded as they were alongside one another, causing a collision. Plaintiff sued Defendant for negligence.

Synopsis of Rule of Law. Drivers are required to know the condition of the parts of their vehicles that may become dangerous when their dangerous condition could be found through a reasonable inspection.

Points of Law - Legal Principles in this Case for Law Students.

In Klein v. Beeten the court stated: It is familiar knowledge that the blow-out of the tire of an automobile is a dangerous occurrence, the degree of danger of course depending upon the rate of speed, and, we apprehend, somewhat upon the character of the car.

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Facts. While driving, Defendant attempted to pass Plaintiff. When Defendant drew alongside Plaintiff, one of his tires blew out, causing the cars to collide. Plaintiff sued for negligence, claiming that Defendant was negligent in driving on tires that were poorly maintained. The jury returned a verdict for Plaintiff, and Defendant moved for a judgment notwithstanding the verdict.

Issue. Was the trial court correct in refusing to grant Defendant’s motion for a judgment notwithstanding the verdict on the ground that he did not know his tires were in a dangerous state?

Held. Yes. The judgment was affirmed. The jury was qualified to determine that the tires were in a dangerous state and that Defendant was negligent in driving upon them.

Discussion. The Court rules that those driving automobiles are required to take certain precautions to maintain them. When a reasonable inspection would disclose a dangerous condition in an automobile, a party is charged with that knowledge and is guilty of negligence when he ignores it and drives in spite of it.

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