Brief Fact Summary.
Greenman (Plaintiff) was injured by a piece of wood flying out of the power tool manufactured by Yuba Power Products, Inc. (Defendant).
Synopsis of Rule of Law.
Accordingly, rules defining and governing warranties that were developed to meet the needs of commercial transactions cannot properly be invoked to govern the manufacturer's liability to those injured by its defective products unless those rules also serve the purposes for which such liability is imposed.View Full Point of Law
Greenman (Plaintiff) received a power tool made my Yuba Power Products, Inc. (Defendant) as a present. He used it many times without issue. One day while using the tool as a lathe to turn wood, the wood flew out of the tool and hit Plaintiff in the head. Plaintiff notified Defendant 10.5 months later. Plaintiff’s expert witnesses testified that Plaintiff’s injuries were caused by improper manufacturing of the power tool.
The Court found that the requirement of notification of a breach of warranties within a reasonable period of time did not extend to the relationship between Plaintiff and Defendant, the manufacturer. There was no previous relationship between the two, and Plaintiff was not experienced in these practices.
The Court also found it to be unnecessary for Plaintiff to show a breach of either express warranty or implied warranty. Manufacturers are liable under a strict liability standard for any defect that causes an injury to a plaintiff while plaintiff is using the product in the intended manner.