Brief Fact Summary. As a result of Lowe (Defendant) and company not being unregistered investment advisers, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) (Plaintiff) sought to enjoin them from publishing general investment advice and commentary in a newsletter.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. Being an unregistered investment adviser does not bar a person from publishing a non-personalized investment newsletter.
Issue. Does being an unregistered investment adviser bar a person from publishing a non-personalized investment newsletter?
Held. (Stevens, J.) No. Being an unregistered investment adviser does not bar a person from publishing a non-personalized investment newsletter. The SEC is provided broad regulatory authority over those engaged in the investment advice business by the Investment Advisers Act of 1940. The Act was created for application only to those giving personalized advice catering to a particular client and excludes a “publisher of any bona fide newspaper, news magazine, or business or financial publication of regular or general circulation.” Single-issue â€œtoutsâ€ or â€œtipsâ€ instead of regular newsletters were regulated by the apparent insertion of the term “bona fide.” In this case, because Lowe Management’s newsletters had regular publication dates, they appear bona fide and so are covered by the statutory exclusion. So, the SEC could not regulate them because they lacked jurisdiction. Reversed.
Discussion. The SEC would have regained its authority to impose sanctions, if the content of the publications had contained false or misleading information or had violated securities laws in some way but this case was only concerned with the power of restraint.