Brief Fact Summary. The Village of WillowBrook stated they need a 33 ft easement in order to give water to the Olechs when everyone else only needed to grant a 15 foot easement.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. A state must have a rational basis for its actions even as against a class of one person.
Issue. Whether the Equal Protection Clause gives rise to a cause of action for a class of one.
Held. Yes. It has been held previously that when an individual has been intentionally treated differently from other similarly situated and that there is no rational basis for that different there has been a violation of the equal protection clause. Every person should be secured against intentional and arbitrary discrimination. The town was able to connect the Olechs to water with a 15 foot easement and there actions where the result of discrimination.
Discussion. There is no need to find subjective ill will to find a states action to be intentional or arbitrary.