Brief Fact Summary. Tenant’s office space was periodically flooded due to a faulty driveway, which was not part of the lease. After requesting and waiting for relief, tenant vacated the premises and the landlord sued for rent.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. Constructive eviction occurs when an act by the landlord render the premises substantially unsuitable for the purposes for which they are lease and seriously interferes with the beneficial enjoyment of the property.
Issue. Whether the covenant of quiet enjoyment was breached by the landlord and thus gave the tenant the remedy of constructive eviction.
Held. Reversed. Periodic flooding of tenant’s office space after landlord promised to fix the problem and tenants repeated requests for relief, constituted a constructive eviction.
Ordinarily a covenant of quiet enjoyment is implied in a lease and when it is breached substantially by the landlord, courts have applied the doctrine of constructive eviction as a remedy to the tenant.
Any act of the landlord or of anyone who acts under authority of the landlord, which renders the premises substantially unsuitable for the purposes for which they are leased, or which seriously interferes with the beneficial enjoyment of the premises is a breach of the covenant of quiet enjoyment.
Tenants right to claim constructive eviction will be lost if he does not vacate the premises within a reasonable time after the right comes into existence. Reasonableness is determined by facts and circumstances of particular case.
Obviously, however, the frame of reference in which the old common-law rule operated has changed.View Full Point of Law