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Brief Fact Summary. The Plaintiffs, Mr. & Mrs. Sawada (Plaintiffs), sue to recover on a money judgment against the Defendants, members of the Endo family (Defendants), who granted property to their sons.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. Tenancy by the entirety, for reasons of public policy, is not subject to attachment or levy by their respective individual creditors.
Issue. Whether the interest of one spouse in real property, held in tenancy by the entirety, can be reached by his or her individual creditors.
Held. Affirmed. The tenancy by the entirety is not subject to the claims of his or her creditors. The conveyance was not fraudulent and cannot be set aside.
The interest of a husband or a wife in an estate by the entireties is not subject to the claims of his or her individual creditors during the joint lives of the spouses.
Creditors are not entitled to special consideration, if the debt arose after the creation of the tenancy by the entireties, the creditor presumably had notice of the characteristics of the estate
The public policy interest furthered is one of family solidarity and allowing for convenient administration of the decedent’s estate without worrying about decedent’s debts.
The determinative question in this case is, whether the interest of one spouse in real property, held in tenancy by the entireties, is subject to levy and execution by his or her individual creditors.View Full Point of Law