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Gilmore v. Gilmore

    Citation287 P.2d 769
    287 P.2d 769

    Brief Fact Summary.

    Plaintiff and defendant are getting divorced and the plaintiff is alleging that the defendant’s increase in value of his dealerships is community income.

    Synopsis of Rule of Law.

    Increase in value of a spouse's separate business that attributes to the spouse’s capital investment is considered spouse's separate property.

    Facts.

    Plaintiff Mrs. Gilmore and Defendant Mr. Gilmore were married. Defendant partially owned and worked at three automobile dealerships. During the six years of marriage to plaintiff, the value of his ownership in the dealerships increased. The trial court held that the increase in value was defendant's separate income. Plaintiff appealed.

    Issue.

    Whether the increase in value of a spouse's separate business that attributes to the spouse’s capital investment is considered spouse's separate property.

    Held.

    Yes. The decision of the trial court is affirmed.

    Discussion.

    In this case, the value of the automobile dealerships was the result of market conditions, instead of a result of Mr. Gilmore’s skills or efforts. Similar to picking a stock, because the increase in value of defendant's ownership interests in the businesses was due to his capital investment and not his efforts or skills, that increase in value is separate property


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