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Yarborough v. Alvarado

Law Dictionary

Law Dictionary

Featuring Black's Law Dictionary 2nd Ed.
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Criminal Procedure keyed to Israel

Citation. Yarborough v. Alvarado, 541 U.S. 652, 124 S. Ct. 2140, 158 L. Ed. 2d 938, 2004 U.S. LEXIS 3843, 72 U.S.L.W. 4415, 17 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. S 327 (U.S. June 1, 2004)

Brief Fact Summary. Respondent appealed from a conviction of second-degree murder and attempted robbery when he was Mirandized after confessing, purportedly in violation of his Fifth Amendment Rights.

Synopsis of Rule of Law. W

Facts. Michael Alvarado, 17, was interviewed without his parents about his involvement in a crime. He was not arrested, not Mirandized. During the interview, respondent confessed involvement. Based on those statements, Alvaredo was convicted of second-degree murder and attempted robbery. The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals reversed the conviction, finding that because defendant was a juvenile and likely felt intimidated he was “in custody” under the terms of Miranda and should have been read his rights. Appeal was brought to the Supreme Court.

Issue. Whether a police officer should consider the age and history of a suspect when determining whether he is “in custody” and therefore entitled to his Miranda warnings under the Fifth Amendment.

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