Brief Fact Summary. Defendant’s truck ran Plaintiff’s car off the road. Defendant stopped to help Plaintiff and told him to direct traffic. Another car stuck Plaintiff while attempting to avoid hitting Defendant’s truck.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. Any extra risk created by a negligent tortfeasor is the proximate cause of Plaintiff’s injuries if it is reasonably foreseeable.
A party may not assign as error the giving or failure to give a instruction unless he objects thereto before the jury retires to consider its verdict, stating distinctly the matter to which he objects and the grounds of his objection, unless the instruction is clearly erroneous.View Full Point of Law
Issue. Was Prince (Socony Oil Company), the proximate or legal cause of Plaintiff’s injuries?
Held. Yes. Judgment affirmed.
* Proximate cause is better labeled as legal cause. It is not necessarily true that Defendant’s culpable act must be shown to have been the next or immediate cause of Plaintiff’s injury.
* Defendant’s culpable act must have been the proximate cause of Plaintiff’s harm. However, it would be disproportionately burdensome to hold a culpable actor potentially liable for all the injurious consequences that may flow from his act. There has to be a limit to the “but for” test. This is the issue of proximate or legal cause.
* Defendant’s negligence constituted an irretrievable breach of duty to the Plaintiff. Though Defendant’s act of cutting the corner and forcing Plaintiff off the road was over and done with, Plaintiff’s injuries were still a direct consequence of Defendant’s initial act. Defendant’s negligence resulted in a traffic problem in a dangerous blind spot. When Plaintiff had to get out of the car, he was subject to risks of injury.
* It is not decided, however, if Plaintiff was also negligent in his attempt to direct traffic. The jury should decide whether Plaintiff should be barred by his contributory negligence.
Discussion. Plaintiff’s injury was not too remote in time or place from the negligent conduct of Defendant. Defendant put Plaintiff in a dangerous situation. The jury could have rightfully decided if Defendant’s initial negligence was the legal cause of Plaintiff’s injuries.