ProfessorMelissa A. Hale
CaseCast™ – "What you need to know"
Brief Fact Summary. Mary Yates Johnston, now deceased, responded to a request from Plaintiff, Allegheny College, for contributions by promising to give $5,000 payable thirty days after her death. Johnston, while still living gave Plaintiff $1,000, but later gave notice to Plaintiff that she was repudiating her promise.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. A promise to contribute to a charity may be enforceable where there is consideration.
Issue. Is the promise to Plaintiff enforceable?
Held. Yes. The Court finds sufficient consideration to enforce the promise.
A promised contribution to a charity is unenforceable without consideration; however, that consideration may be supplied by promissory estoppel.
When Plaintiff received the $1,000, it was under a duty to use the money in accordance with the terms of the memorial fund. Plaintiff was not free to use the money for general purposes. This assumption of duty by Plaintiff constituted consideration and created an enforceable bilateral agreement.
The Court discusses whether the restrictions on the use of the funds were conditions to a gratuitous promise or a request for consideration. Because the restrictions on the use of the funds benefited Johnston, and Plaintiff could not accept the $1,000 and later decide whether to set up the fund, the Court determined that it was a request for consideration.
It is not enough that the promise induces the detriment or that the detriment induces the promise if the other half is wanting.View Full Point of Law