Brief Fact Summary. Park 100 (P) sought to collect arrears of rent, derived from a provision in the lease which was fraudulently induced from the Karteses (D).
Synopsis of Rule of Law. The guarantee cannot enforce a contract of guaranty, where by fraudulent misrepresentation or concealment on the part of the guarantee, the guarantor has been induced to enter into the contract.
The second inquiry is whether the conclusions of law and judgment are clearly erroneous based on the facts as found by the trial court.View Full Point of Law
Issue. Can a guarantee enforce a contract of guaranty where the guarantor has been induced to enter into the contract by fraudulent misrepresentations or concealment on the part of the guarantee?
Held. (Barteau, J) No. A guarantee cannot enforce a contract of guaranty, where by fraudulent misrepresentation or concealment on the part of the guarantee, the guarantor has been induced to enter into the contract. Once a signature which was fraudulently induced has been appended on a contract, it cannot be enforceable on the party whose signature was fraudulently derived. The trial court is obligated to determine whether a fraudulent act has been perpetuated in a case and it does this by looking at the facts and circumstances surrounding the case. In this particular case therefore, the evidence and findings before the court confirms that the trial court did not err in its judgment. Affirmed
Discussion. The court found Park 100 (P) culpable of procuring the signature of the Kartes (D) fraudulently. A material misrepresentation of past or existing fact by the party to be charged, which was false, was made with knowledge or in reckless ignorance of the falsity, was relied upon by the complaining party, and proximately caused the complaining party injury are elements of fraud. This judgment was not satisfactory to Park 100 (P) who claimed that the third element of reliance was not proven but the court asserts that the defendant had exercised ordinary care and diligence because they acted with reasonable prudence in consulting their attorney before appending their signature to the contract.