Brief Fact Summary. This case involves an exclusive distribution contract, which was cancelled when a competitor acquired the distributor.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. A contract may not be assigned to a direct competitor, or to a wholly-owned subsidiary thereof, without the obligee’s consent.
No Texas case addresses whether a distribution agreement is a contract for the sale of goods, but the rule in the majority of jurisdictions is that distributorships (both exclusive and non-exclusive) are to be treated as sale of goods contracts under the UCC.View Full Point of Law
Issue. Is a contract assignable to direct competitor or a wholly-owned subsidiary of a competitor?
Held. No. Judgment affirmed.
• The court disagreed with the lower court and found that this contract was not contract dealing with personal services. Instead, it was primarily a contract for the sale of goods.
• The duty of performance under an exclusive distributorship may not be delegated to a competitor in the marketplace without the obligee’s consent.
Dissent. The Defendant may have had reasonable grounds for insecurity when a direct competitor acquires its distributor. However, its remedy was not to cancel the contract. Instead, under the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), the Defendant should have asked for assurances of due performance.
Discussion. The court reasoned that this contract was primarily for the sale of goods and therefore the UCC applied. While the UCC does permit delegation of contractual duties, it recognizes that there are times when “an obligor will find it convenient or even necessary to relieve himself of the duty of performance under a contract.” The UCC also requires that best efforts will be used to promote the sale of goods. The court examined the only Texas case on point, McKinnie v. Milford, 597 S.W. 2d. 953 (Tex. Civ. App. 1980), where the court found that the UCC bars delegation of duties when performance of such duties would be a “substantially different thing” than what was bargained for. In the instant case, because a direct competitor of the Plaintiff had acquired Best Barber, the court concluded that performance of the duties by the Defendant would be a substantially different thing than what was bargained for. The Defendant would not be able to rely on the Plaintiff to use its best efforts to promote its product when the Plaintiff is owned by the Defendant’s competitor.