Brief Fact Summary. The Supreme Court of the United States (Supreme Court) declared the Civil Rights Act of 1875 (the Act) invalid because Congress did not have the constitutional power to make such a law.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. Where a law steps into local jurisprudence and lays down rules for the conduct of individuals in society towards each other, without referring in any manner to any supposed action of the state or its authorities, it exceeds Congress’ scope of power because the wrongful act of an individual, unsupported by any such authority, is simply a private wrong, or a crime of that individual.
Personal liberty consists in some express locomotion, of changing situation, or moving one's person to whatever place one's inclination may direct, without imprisonment or restraint, unless by due course of law.View Full Point of Law