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NAACP v. Alabama

Law Dictionary

Law Dictionary

Featuring Black's Law Dictionary 2nd Ed.
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Constitutional Law Keyed to Sullivan

Citation. 377 U.S. 288, 84 S. Ct. 1302, 12 L. Ed. 2d 325 (1964)

Brief Fact Summary. The Supreme Court of the United States (Supreme Court) held unconstitutional Alabama’s demand that the NAACP reveal the names and addresses of all of its Alabama members and agents.

Synopsis of Rule of Law. In the domain of indispensable liberties, whether of speech, press, or association, abridgments of such rights, even though unintended, may inevitably follow from varied forms of governmental action. Compelled disclosure of affiliation with groups engaged in advocacy may constitute an effective restraint on freedom of association.

Facts. The Respondent, Alabama (Respondent), demanded that the Petitioner, the NAACP (Petitioner), provide a list of all of the Alabama NAACP members based on the state’s foreign corporation registration law made in the course of an injunction action brought to stop the Petitioner from conducting activities in the state. Respondent moved for the production of a large number of the Petitioner’s records. The Petitioner produced almost all the requested data except for membership lists. The trial court adjudged the Petitioner in contempt and imposed a $100,000.00 fine.

Issue. Whether compelled disclosure of membership lists violates the Petitioner’s members’ rights of freedom of association?
Whether Respondent has demonstrated an interest in obtaining the membership lists, which is sufficient to justify the deterrent effect which releasing this lists would have on the free exercise of the constitutionally protected right of association?

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