Brief Fact Summary. The Respondent, Beach Communications, Inc. (Respondent), brought suit alleging that the Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984 (the Act) violates the implied equal protection guarantee of the Due Process clause as it draws lines that are not rationally related to a conceivable purpose.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. In areas of social and economic policy, a statutory classification that neither, proceeds along suspect lines, nor, infringes fundamental constitutional rights, must be upheld against equal protection challenge if there is any reasonably conceivable state of facts that could provide a rational basis for the classification.
Issue. Whether the Due Process Clause of the 5th Amendment is violated by regulating one type of cable television facilities and not regulating another type.
Concurrence. The free use of ones own property provides adequate support for an exception from burdensome regulation and franchising requirements, even when the property is occupied not only by family members, but by co-owners as well.
Discussion. Economic and Social Welfare laws will be upheld under the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, if there is a rational basis for the classification being made by the statute.