Brief Fact Summary. Telemedia Publications, Inc and Cable Cast Magazine, (Respondents) brought suit against Premier Bank, (Petitioner) for the improper payment of a number of checks indorsed by one of its employees and deposited into her personal account. Petitioner appeals the trail court judgment in favor of Respondent in the amount of $7,913.04.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. The risk of loss for fraudulent indorsements by employees who are entrusted with responsibility with respect to checks should fall on the employer rather than the bank that takes the check if the bank was not negligent in the transaction. However, a bank may still be held liable if it acts in bad faith or fails to exercise ordinary care in handling the fraudulent indorsements.
Telemedia Publications, Inc. publishes a weekly cable television programming guide, Cablecast Magazine. Cablecast Magazine hired Jennifer Pennington as a temporary employee and authorized her to use its indorsement stamp to prepare incoming subscription checks for deposit into its account. Jennifer Pennington represented to Petitioner that she was Cablecast Magazine. Petitioner’s teller taught Jennifer Pennington how to indorse checks made payable to Cablecast Magazine so they could be deposited into Jennifer Pennington’s personal account. Shortly thereafter, Respondents became aware that Jennifer Pennington had taken checks payable to Cablecast Magazine and deposited them into her personal account with Petitioner. Respondents then filed suit against Petitioner.
Whether U.C.C. Section:3-405 operates in this case to shift the risk of loss for money paid on a forged check to Respondents.
Whether Petitioner was in good faith.
Whether Petitioner failed to exercise ordinary care in taking the checks payable to Cablecast Magazine and depositing them in Jennifer Pennington’s account.
Yes. Respondents bear the risk of loss for fraudulent indorsements made by their employee Jennifer Pennington.
Yes. Petitioners were in good faith.
No. Respondents did not prove that Petitioner failed to exercise ordinary care.
Discussion. Points of Law - for Law School Success
This provision is based on the belief that the employer is in a far better position to avoid the loss by using care in choosing employees, in supervising them, and in adopting other measures to prevent forged instruments in the name of the employer. View Full Point of Law
The evidence establishes that Jennifer Pennington committed fraudulent indorsements on checks payable to Cablecast Magazine when she represented her signature as that of her employer and deposited Cablecast Magazine’s checks into her own account. Respondents had entrusted her with the responsibility of using Respondent’s indorsement stamp to prepare subscription checks for deposit into the Telemedia Publications, Inc. account used by Cablecast. Therefore Respondents must bear the loss under U.C.C. Section:3-405.
However, Respondents claim Petitioner was not in good faith when it took the checks from Jennifer Pennington. Petitioner was not in bad faith because Jennifer Pennington testified that she represented herself as Cablecast to Petitioner and Petitioner had no way to know that Telemedia Publications, Inc. owned or had any relationship with Cablecast Magazine. Respondents did not offer any evidence that Petitioner had actual knowledge of this.
Even if Respondents were negligent, Petitioner could still bear the risk loss if it failed to exercise ordinary care in the depositing of Respondents’ checks in Jennifer Pennington’s account. Ordinary care is defined as the observance of reasonable commercial standards prevailing in the area with respect to the type of business in which the person is engaged. There is no evidence regarding what reasonable commercial standards were in place. Therefore we cannot say Respondents proved Petitioner did not observe reasonable commercial standards.