Brief Fact Summary. Defendant Farouki, a Jordanian resident residing in Maryland with “permanent resident” immigration status in the U.S. borrowed funds from Plaintiff Saadeh, a Greek citizen, and defaulted on the loan. Plaintiff sued to recover on the loans in Federal court invoking diversity jurisdiction.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. Citizenship at the time the suit is filed is the proper determination of citizenship for diversity purposes, while diversity is destroyed in a suit between two aliens.
Issue. How is citizenship determined for purposes of diversity jurisdiction? Can diversity exist in a lawsuit between two aliens?
Held. In holding that Defendant’s later acquisition of U.S. citizenship did not create diversity, the Circuit Court affirmed the principle that citizenship at the time the suit is filed is the relevant test. No. Complete diversity is destroyed in lawsuits between aliens.
We cannot press statutory construction to the point of disingenuous evasion even to avoid a constitutional question.View Full Point of Law