Brief Fact Summary. Two American purchasers of rubber thread brought an antitrust action suing various foreign manufacturers and distributors of the thread alleging an international conspiracy to restrain trade in, and fix prices of the thread in the U.S.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. Venue is proper in any federal judicial district for alien corporations so long as the alien corporation is first subject to federal court personal jurisdiction.
Issue. Whether there was United States personal jurisdiction over an Indonesian manufacturer that consummates its sales of thread in Indonesia. Whether venue was proper in the Eastern District of Virginia.
Held. Yes. The Supreme Court of the United States held that due process was satisfied by the Defendants’ appointment of exclusive U.S. sales agents and its customizing of its products for the U.S. market. Yes. The Supreme Court has held that aliens may be sued in any federal judicial district.
Discussion. Students should realize here that the mere fact that a Defendant is a foreign corporation does not automatically escape Federal court jurisdiction. The Supreme Court points out that Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4(k) (2) provides that a Defendant who is not subject to the jurisdiction of any state court that is served with process is subject to personal jurisdiction in the Federal courts as long as the assertion of jurisdiction is consistent with federal law and does not offend the United States Constitution. Thus, so long as the actual method of service of process complied with existing federal law, jurisdiction over a foreign corporation is appropriate where the Constitutional test of fair play and substantial justice in asserting jurisdiction is satisfied.