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Shapira v. Union National Bank

Law Dictionary

Law Dictionary

Featuring Black's Law Dictionary 2nd Ed.
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Administrative Law Keyed to Lawson

Citation. Shapira v. Union Nat’l Bank, 39 Ohio Misc. 28 (Ohio P. Ct. Jan. 22, 1974)

Brief Fact Summary. Action was brought by Plaintiff for a declaratory judgment and the construction of the will of his father, David Shapira, testator.

Synopsis of Rule of Law. A gift conditioned upon the beneficiary marrying within a particular religious class or faith is reasonable.

Facts. David Shapira, M.D., testator, conditioned his son, Daniel Jacob Shapira, Plaintiff, inheritance under his will upon Plaintiff being married to, or marrying within seven years of testator’s death, a Jewish girl with two Jewish parents. Plaintiff filed suit alleging that such a condition was unconstitutional based upon the premise that the right to marry is protected by the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States.

Issue. Whether a condition upon inheritance, which is based on marriage, is unconstitutional, contrary to public policy, and unenforceable because of its unreasonableness?

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