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Yarborough v. Alvarado

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Bloomberg Law

Citation. 541 U.S. 652, 124 S. Ct. 2140, 158 L. Ed. 2d 938 (2004)

Brief Fact Summary. Respondent appealed from a conviction of second-degree murder and attempted robbery when he was Mirandized after confessing, purportedly in violation of his Fifth Amendment Rights.

Synopsis of Rule of Law. W

Facts. Michael Alvarado, 17, was interviewed without his parents about his involvement in a crime. He was not arrested, not Mirandized. During the interview, respondent confessed involvement. Based on those statements, Alvaredo was convicted of second-degree murder and attempted robbery. The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals reversed the conviction, finding that because defendant was a juvenile and likely felt intimidated he was “in custody” under the terms of Miranda and should have been read his rights. Appeal was brought to the Supreme Court.

Issue. Whether a police officer should consider the age and history of a suspect when determining whether he is “in custody” and therefore entitled to his Miranda warnings under the Fifth Amendment.

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