Brief Fact Summary. Certain key provisions of the constitutionality of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (FECA) were challenged as unconstitutional.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. The government may not restrict expenditures in political campaigns because such expenditures are forms of political expression protected by the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. However, the government may impose restrictions on the amount of a person’s contributions to political campaigns.
Facts. Certain key provisions of the constitutionality of FECA were challenged as unconstitutional. The Supreme Court of the United States held that the individual contribution limits, the disclosure and reporting provisions and the public financing schemes are constitutional. However, the limitations on campaign expenditures, on independent expenditures and on expenditures by a candidate from his own personal funds are unconstitutional.
Issue. Whether limiting contributions to political campaigns is constitutional?
Whether limiting expenditures in political campaigns is constitutional?