Brief Fact Summary. A New Jersey reapportionment plan destroyed population equality
Synopsis of Rule of Law. Apportionment schemes that result in inequity among populations violates Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution (Constitution).
Facts. The New Jersey Legislature adopted the Feldman Plan containing 14 districts. The New Jersey Legislature created a reapportionment scheme, which resulted in a one percent population difference between the largest and the smallest districts. A group of individuals challenged the legislation arguing that it violated Article I, Section 2 of the Constitution. The District Court declared the reapportionment scheme unconstitutional.
Issue. Whether an apportionment plan for congressional districts satisfies the Constitution if the population for the largest district is less than one percent greater than the population of the smallest district.