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Szabo v. Bridgeport Machines, Inc.

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Brief Fact Summary.

Plaintiff sued Defendant after buying a defective and misleading machine tool made by the Defendant. Plaintiff moved to certify the suit as a class action under Rule 23(a) and 23(b)(3).

Synopsis of Rule of Law.

To determine whether a class action is proper, a court does not consider the merits of the case but rather first considers the factors of numerosity, commonality, typicality, and adequacy under Rule 23(a), and second considers whether the action fits within one of the subdivisions of Rule 23(b).

Points of Law - Legal Principles in this Case for Law Students.

In evaluating class certification, the court must take into consideration the substantive elements of the plaintiff's cause of action, inquire into the proof necessary for the various elements, and envision the form that trial on the issues would take.

View Full Point of Law

Szabo (Plaintiff), an Indiana resident, bought machine tools from Bridgeport (Defendant), a company incorporated in Delaware and located in Connecticut. Plaintiff alleged that the tools were defective and could not do everything the promotional materials said they could do. Plaintiff sued Defendant for negligent misrepresentation, fraud, and breach of warranty. Plaintiff moved to certify the suit as a class action under Rule 23(a) and Rule 23(b)(3), including all persons who purchased the tools during a certain time period and were similarly harmed.


Has the Plaintiff met the requirements for a certifying a class action?


Yes, the motion to certify the class is granted.


The Court determined that Plaintiff adequately demonstrated the numerosity, commonality, typicality, and adequacy requirements of Rule 23(a), and the predominance and superiority requirements of Rule 23(b)(3).

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