Brief Fact Summary. The Petitioner, Board of Education of Oklahoma City (Petitioner), sought dissolution of the District Court-imposed school desegregation plan.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. District Court authority over school districts extends only until the districts in question have complied with the injunctions long enough to reasonably redress past segregation.
Facts. In 1972, the District Court imposed a desegregation plan for the Oklahoma City Public School System. In 1985, the Board of Education adopted a new plan (”SRP”) for assigning students to schools. The SRP was not discriminatory on the basis of race. The Petitioner was sued by the Respondents, Dowell, et al. (Respondents), alleging that the District Court injunction was still in effect. The District Court ruled that the desegregation decree was dissolved. After a reversal by the Court of Appeals, the Supreme Court of the United States (Supreme Court) granted certiorari.
Issue. Should the desegregation decree be dissolved as of the time the SRP was enacted?