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The Case of the S.S. Lotus (France v. Turkey)
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. Permanent Court of Int’l Justice, P.C.I.J. (ser. A) No. 10 (1927) Brief Fact Summary. Turkey’s (D) assertion of jurisdiction over a French citizen who had been the first officer of a ship that collided with a Turkish ship on the high seas was challenged by France (P) as a violation of international law. Synopsis of Rule of Law. A rule of international law, which prohibits a state from exercising criminal jurisdiction over a foreign national who commits acts outside of the state’s national jurisdiction, does no ...

Maritime Delimitation and Territorial Questions (Qatar v. Bahrain)
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. I.C.J., 1994 I.C.J. 112 Brief Fact Summary. A claim to settle a dispute involving sovereignty over certain islands, sovereign rights over certain shoals and delimitation of a maritime boundary was filed by Qatar (P) in the International Court of Justice against Bahrain (D). The Court’s jurisdiction was however disputed by Bahrain (D). Synopsis of Rule of Law. an international agreement creating rights and obligations can be constituted by the signatories to the minutes of meetings and letters exchanged. ...

Jesse Lewis (The David J. Adams) Claim (United States v. Great Britain).
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. Cims. Arbitration under Special Agreement of August 18, 1910, 1921, Nielsen Rep. 526. 6. U.N.R.I.A.A. 85. Brief Fact Summary. According to the United States (P), the interpretation given to the Treaty of London of 1818 by the Canadian government was not correct. Synopsis of Rule of Law. The determinations, from an international perspective of how the provisions of a treaty are to be interpreted and applied to the facts are the duties of an international tribunal. ...

Republic of Argentina v. Weltover, Inc
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. ...

Trail Smelter Arbitration (United States v. Canada)
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. Arbitral Trib., 3 U.N. Rep. Int’l Arb. Awards 1905 (1941) Brief Fact Summary. The United States (P) sought damages from Canada by suing them to court and also prayed for an injunction for air pollution in the state of Washington, by the Trail Smelter, a Canadian corporation which is domiciled in Canada (D). Synopsis of Rule of Law. The duty to protect other states against harmful acts by individuals from within its jurisdiction at all times is the responsibility of a state. ...

Corfu Channel Case (United Kingdom v. Albania)
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. I.C.J. 1949 I.C.J 4. 22 Brief Fact Summary. The fact that the Albanian (P) authorities did not make the presence of mines in its waters was the basis of the United Kingdom (D) claim against them. Synopsis of Rule of Law. International obligations in peace time are created through elementary consideration. ...

Permanent Mission of India to the United Nations v. City of New York
Content Type: Brief

Citation. 551 U.S. 193 (2007) Brief Fact Summary. When New YORK City (City) (P) sought declaratory judgments for tax liens it had on buildings owned by India (D) and Mongolia (D) which were valid to the extent the building were used to accommodate diplomatic employees, India (D)and Mongolia (D) contended that they were immune under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act from New York City’s suit. Synopsis of Rule of Law. A foreign government is not immunized from a lawsuit to declare the validity of tax liens on property held by the sovereign for the purpose of accommodating i ...

Military and Paramilitary Activities in and Against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v. United States)
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. I.C.J. 1984 I.C.J. 39 Brief Fact Summary. Nicaragua (P) brought a suit against the United States (D) on the ground that the United States (D) was responsible for illegal military and paramilitary activities in and against Nicaragua. The jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice to entertain the case as well as the admissibility of Nicaragua’s (P) application to the I.C.J. was challenged by the United States (D). Synopsis of Rule of Law. Nicaragua (P) brought a suit against the United States (D) on the ground that th ...

Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (United Nations (P) v. Israel (D)
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. I.C.J. Advisory Opinion, 2004 I.C.J. 136 Brief Fact Summary. The United Nations (P) objected to the wall Israel (D) put up on the Palestinian territory. Synopsis of Rule of Law. International Law, the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949, The Hague Convention, relevant Security Council and General Assembly resolutions were all contravened by Israel (D), the occupying power, for constructing a wall on the Palestinian occupied territory. ...

Diversion of Water from the Meuse (Netherlands v. Belgium)
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. Permanent Court of Int’l Justice, P.C.I.J. (ser. A/B) No. 70. 76-78 Brief Fact Summary. The building of certain canals was the ground upon which the Netherlands (P) asserted that Belgium (D) had violated an agreement. Synopsis of Rule of Law. Principles of equity forms part of International law. ...