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Corfu Channel Case (United Kingdom v. Albania)
Content Type: Brief

Citation. I.C.J. 1949 I.C.J 4. 22 Brief Fact Summary. The fact that the Albanian (P) authorities did not make the presence of mines in its waters was the basis of the United Kingdom (D) claim against them. Synopsis of Rule of Law. International obligations in peace time are created through elementary consideration. ...

Permanent Mission of India to the United Nations v. City of New York
Content Type: Brief

Citation. 551 U.S. 193 (2007) Brief Fact Summary. When New YORK City (City) (P) sought declaratory judgments for tax liens it had on buildings owned by India (D) and Mongolia (D) which were valid to the extent the building were used to accommodate diplomatic employees, India (D)and Mongolia (D) contended that they were immune under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act from New York City’s suit. Synopsis of Rule of Law. A foreign government is not immunized from a lawsuit to declare the validity of tax liens on property held by the sovereign for the purpose of accommodating i ...

Military and Paramilitary Activities in and Against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v. United States)
Content Type: Brief

Citation. I.C.J. 1984 I.C.J. 39 Brief Fact Summary. Nicaragua (P) brought a suit against the United States (D) on the ground that the United States (D) was responsible for illegal military and paramilitary activities in and against Nicaragua. The jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice to entertain the case as well as the admissibility of Nicaragua’s (P) application to the I.C.J. was challenged by the United States (D). Synopsis of Rule of Law. Nicaragua (P) brought a suit against the United States (D) on the ground that the United States (D) was responsible for illegal ...

Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (United Nations (P) v. Israel (D)
Content Type: Brief

Citation. I.C.J. Advisory Opinion, 2004 I.C.J. 136 Brief Fact Summary. The United Nations (P) objected to the wall Israel (D) put up on the Palestinian territory. Synopsis of Rule of Law. International Law, the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949, The Hague Convention, relevant Security Council and General Assembly resolutions were all contravened by Israel (D), the occupying power, for constructing a wall on the Palestinian occupied territory. ...

Diversion of Water from the Meuse (Netherlands v. Belgium)
Content Type: Brief

Citation. Permanent Court of Int’l Justice, P.C.I.J. (ser. A/B) No. 70. 76-78 Brief Fact Summary. The building of certain canals was the ground upon which the Netherlands (P) asserted that Belgium (D) had violated an agreement. Synopsis of Rule of Law. Principles of equity forms part of International law. ...

Permanent Mission of India to the United Nations v. City of New York
Content Type: Brief

Citation. 551 U.S. 193 (2007) Brief Fact Summary. When New YORK City (City) (P) sought declaratory judgments for tax liens it had on buildings owned by India (D) and Mongolia (D) which were valid to the extent the building were used to accommodate diplomatic employees, India (D)and Mongolia (D) contended that they were immune under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act from New York City’s suit. Synopsis of Rule of Law. A foreign government is not immunized from a lawsuit to declare the validity of tax liens on property held by the sovereign for the purpose of accommodating i ...

Republic of Argentina v. Weltover, Inc
Content Type: Brief

Citation. 504 U.S. 607 (1992) Brief Fact Summary. A suit filed in a U.S. court on the premise that Argentina (D) defaulted on the bonds it had issued was strongly contended by Argentina (D). Synopsis of Rule of Law. When a foreign government defaults on its bonds, such foreign government may be amenable to suit in a U.S. court.Facts: the problem Argentina was having in participating in foreign transactions was attributable to currency instability. In order to rectify this problem, the Argentine government (D) instituted a program in which it agreed to sell to domestic borrowers U. ...

Paul Gottlied & Co., Inc v. Alps South Corp
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. Fia. Ct. App., 985 So. 2d 1 (2007) Brief Fact Summary. the removal of a limitation of liability clause on the back of the standardized finished goods contract of Paul Gottlieb & Co., Inc. did not materially alter the contract it had with Alps South Corp, (Alps) (D), so that as a matter of law, the clause should not have been removed from the contract, and therefore, the clause served to limit Gottlieb’s (P) liability to Alps (D) for consequential damages. Synopsis of Rule of Law. the limitation of limited ...

Barrie School v. Patch
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. Md. Ct. App. (highest Court), 401 Md. 497. 933 A 2d 382 (2007) Brief Fact Summary. The contention of the Barrie School (P) was that it was not required to lessen damages where the liquidated damages provisions of its enrollment contract were valid and did not constitute a penalty, so that the Patches (D), who had breached the enrollment contract were asked to settle the liquidated damages. Synopsis of Rule of Law. Where parties concur to a valid liquidated sum in the event of a breach, a non-breaching party has no du ...

Crabby’s Inc. v. Hamilton
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. Mo. Ct. App., 244 S.W.3d 209 (2008) Brief Fact Summary. The refusal of Paragon Ventures, L.L.C and Hamilton (collectively, “Buyers (D)”) (D) to close an agreement t purchase real estate from Crabby Inc. (Seller) (P), led to the suit of breach of contract against the Buyers (D) (D) in which the Seller (P) prevailed but the Buyers (D) (D) alleged that the trial court had erred in calculating Seller’s (P) damages because a financing contingency provision in the agreement had not been waived. Synopsis o ...