Constitutional Law Keyed to Cohenback
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Congress has recently enacted a law requiring all males 18-30 to take a physical examination each year, with the results available to the public upon request. The intent of the legislature was to make public the health status of males eligible for selective service. Reckless, a 25-year-old law student, has herpes. He has recently sent resumes to many prestigious firms and is now fearful that info about his herpes as a result of college indiscretions will become public knowledge.
If you are a legal advisor to Congress, what would you say about the constitutional basis for the new federal law?Grading can be reviewed and adjusted.Grading can be reviewed and adjusted.
Endeavoring to find new ways to raise revenue to reduce the federal deficit and avoid politically unpopular spending cuts or increases in the income tax, Congress passes a law that taxes the owners of buildings that have used lead paint. A portion of the revenue was earmarked to help pay for the cost of removing lead paint from public school buildings throughout the country. The lead paint tax law was debated at length before ultimately passing in both the House of Representatives and the Senate. Opponents of the bill charged that it was punitive in nature as many members of Congress openly admitted that they had voted for the tax because they thought it might encourage building owners to remove the lead paint from their buildings prior to the effective date of the tax so as to avoid having to pay the tax.
If properly challenged, a court is most likely to rule that the tax is:Grading can be reviewed and adjusted.Grading can be reviewed and adjusted.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is empowered by Congress to purchase surplus agricultural crops and other food produced by farmers in the United States. Acting pursuant to a federal statute authorizing such action, the USDA distributed surplus milk, yogurt and bread without charge to public schools located in low-income communities throughout the country. MilkForAll, a dairy product supplier who sold milk to a public school in a low-income area, challenged the USDA in the appropriate federal district court to restrain the USDA from competing with him by giving away the surplus dairy products.
What arguments may Congress make that the statute is valid?Grading can be reviewed and adjusted.Grading can be reviewed and adjusted.