By way of another example, a Boy Scout with a stick tries to strike a snake he believes is on another Scout’s foot, but by the time the Scout does so, the snake has slithered away and the Scout only succeeds stabbing the other Scout’s toe. Even though the first Scout did not wish to harm the other, he did “intend” the act, which is to say, he subjectively desired to, or knew to a substantial certainty that, his motions would represent a strong downward motion of the stick in the direction of the second Scout’s foot.
3. Assault and battery will also be encountered in Criminal Law. What I speak of here is “civil” assault.