The term “nuisance” refers not to a type of tort, but to a type of injury which P has sustained. There are actually two types of nuisance: “public nuisance” and “private nuisance.”
Public nuisance: A “public nuisance” is an interference with a right common to the general public. If D releases noxious odors or harmful chemicals into the air, cuts off the use of a public road, or maintains an unlicensed business, all of these may be public nuisances.
Private nuisance: A “private nuisance” is an unreasonable and substantial interference with P’s use and enjoyment of his land.
Requirements: The plaintiff in a private nuisance action must show two things: (1) that he has an interest in land that has been substantially and unreasonably interfered with; and (2) that D behaved in a negligent, abnormally dangerous or intentional manner.