ProfessorMelissa A. Hale
CaseCast™ – "What you need to know"
Brief Fact Summary. Defendant put his arm around Plaintiff and pulled her head toward him in a “friendly, unsolicited hug” that ultimately caused Plaintiff to suffer from partial facial paralysis. Plaintiff brought suit for assault and battery and negligence. Because the suit was brought after the statute of limitations for intentional torts had run, Defendant argued that the acts complained of were strictly intentional and the suit was barred.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. With respect to assault and battery, one is deemed to intend that which is substantially certain to follow from his actions but need not intend to cause actual injury or harm. Knowledge of a risk of harm is not sufficient to establish the requisite intent.
However, the knowledge and appreciation of a risk, short of substantial certainty, is not the equivalent of intent.View Full Point of Law
Issue. Was the trial court correct in granting summary judgment for Defendant on the theory that his actions constituted assault and battery as opposed to negligence as a matter of law?
Held. No. The grant of summary judgment was reversed to allow Plaintiff to proceed with her claim for negligence.
* Knowledge of a risk that physical injury could result from an unsolicited, intentional touch does not mean that one taking such an action has committed assault and battery as a matter of law if physical injury results. Rather, it is only assault and battery as a matter of law when a reasonable person would have believed that physical injury was substantially certain to follow.
Discussion. Again, multiple issues of intent are implicated in this case. Defendant intended to touch Plaintiff, but certainly did not intend to cause her facial paralysis. Once again, the critical issue is Defendant’s knowledge of the likelihood that injury would result. Later, a Defendant’s knowledge of the likely extent of any potential damage also becomes important.