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Citation. 100 F.3d 1525, 1996 U.S. App. 27 ELR 20349.
Brief Fact Summary. Congress enacted a Rails-to-Trails Act to make public recreational use out of discontinued railroad rights of way. The Plaintiffs, J. Paul Presault and Patricia Preseault (Plaintiffs), as fee simple owners of the land over which the tracks formerly ran, claimed that the conversion of the property was a taking by the Defendants, the United States (United States).
Synopsis of Rule of Law. A public recreational trail was not within the scope of an existing easement for railroad purposes. Therefore, the conversion to public recreational trail was a taking of a new easement for a new purpose, for which the landowners are entitled compensation. In addition, since the easement was abandoned, the opening of the public recreational trails was also a physical taking of the Plaintiffs’ property rights.
Plaintiffs have a fee simple interest in a tract of land near the shore of Lake Champlain in Burlington, Vermont over which the tracks ran. The original rights of way were acquired by the Rutland-Canadian railroad company. Rails-to-Trails was not a program of direct acquisitions because Congress believed that only some conversions would be takings since most rights-of-way were held as fee simple. Vermont Railway removed the tracks and railway equipment from the land in 1975. Since 1975, it collected some licensing fees from the Plaintiffs to establish a fixed crossing. Issue.
Did the Railroad acquire only an easement or a fee simple estate in the railroad right of way?
If it acquired an easement, was the easement limited to railroad purposes only or was it broad enough to encompass future use as public recreational trails?
Had the easements terminated by abandonment prior to the ”taking’ for public recreational trail use?