The municipality is divided into districts in which only specified land uses are permitted (e.g., residential, commercial, or industrial).
An ordinance allowing a deviation from a district’s general restrictions for an individual’s plot. An ordinance excepting a parcel from a comprehensive plan will be invalidated when the parcel’s owner, but not the general community, is benefited.
A zone is established but not mapped. The zone is said to “float” over the entire community.
A landowner may request that the zone be applied to his land.
If the request is approved, the zone becomes anchored to a particular parcel.