Brief Fact Summary. Petitioner continuously received lines of credit from a casino. He was a compulsive gambler and ran up a debt of over $3.4 million. He contested this amount arguing that the casino should not have continued the line of credit, and they settled from $500,000.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. If a taxpayer in good faith disputes the amount of a debt, then the subsequent settlement of the debt should be treated as the amount of debt for tax purposes.
Petitioner, Zarin, was a professional engineer who was involved in the development of housing projects. He was granted a credit of $10,000 to gamble at a casino in Atlantic City. He eventually received a permanent line of credit of $200,000. He lost $2.5 million at the craps table over a short-time period and he paid it in full. He accumulated a gambling debt of $3,435,000 by 1980 after the casino continued to give him lines of credit. He settled with the resort for $500,000. The Commissioner determined that Petitioner should have reported the cancellation of the indebtedness as income. The Tax Court affirmed the Commissioner.
Issue. Did Petitioner receive income from the discharge of the indebtedness?
Held. Judge Cowen issued the opinion for the United States Third Circuit Court of Appeals in reversed the Tax Court and holding that Petitioner did not receive income.
Dissent. Points of Law - for Law School Success
Under the contested liability doctrine, if a taxpayer, in good faith, disputed the amount of a debt, a subsequent settlement of the dispute would be treated as the amount of debt cognizable for tax purposes. View Full Point of Law
Judge Stapleton issued a dissenting opinion arguing that Petitioner received a benefit and such should be considered income regardless. Discussion.
The Court of Appeals found that it was not income because Petitioner was not liable on the debt he owed because it was an unenforceable obligation. The casino was illegally extending credit to Petitioner, thus it was not a legal transaction. Further, the Court found that the debt was a liability contested by Petitioner. During the contest, the debt was reduced to $500,000 instead of the $3.4 million. Thus, it was not a discharge of debt subject to incom