Brief Fact Summary. Respondents formed their business into a corporation with B.K. Eaves, a longtime friend. Respondents owned 80% of the stock and Eaves owned 20%. Respondent sold various items to the corporation.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. A sale or exchange of depreciable property to a controlled corporation or a spouse may not be given capital gain treatment.
Value is not a strange or alien concept in tax law, and we have held that There is no distinction, for most purposes, in the meaning of fair market value as used in an estate tax case and one involving income tax.View Full Point of Law
Issue. May the sale to the corporation controlled by Respondents be given capital gains treatment?
Held. Circuit Judge Goldberg issued the opinion for the United States Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals in reversing the District Court and holding that the sale may not be given capital gains treatment.
Discussion. The Court of Appeals found that Respondents owned more than 80% in value of the corporation’s outstanding stock. Further, the Court found that the stock owned by Eaves was less valuable than that owned by Respondents because it was encumbered by restrictions on the transfer of the stock and by the lack of control of the corporation by Eaves. Thus, Respondents had more than 80% value which for purposes of the rule is enough to consider that they controlled the corporation.