Citation. Wisconsin v. Yoder, 1971 U.S. LEXIS 1879, 402 U.S. 994, 91 S. Ct. 2173, 29 L. Ed. 2d 160 (U.S. May 24, 1971)
Brief Fact Summary. Several Amish families appealed a decision convicting them of failing to send their children to school until the age of 16 based upon Freedom of Religion under the constitution.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. The law compelling parents to send their children to public school until the age of 16 is unconstitutional as applied because it impermissibly interferes with the Amish religious beliefs.
Respondents Jonas Yoder, Wallace Miller, and Adin Yutzy are members of the Amish religion. Wisconsin’s compulsory school-attendance law required them to cause their children to attend public or private school until they reach 16. Respondents declined to send their children to public school after completion of the eighth grade. Respondents were convicted of violating the law and fined $5 each. Issue.
Did the application of the compulsory attendance law violate respondent’s rights under the First and Fourteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution?