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Presentation Of Oral Testimony

A. Direct Examination:

1. Generally:
Direct examination typically consists of open-ended questions that invite the witness to responds with a narrative manner.

2. Manner of Presentation:
While narrative presentations is the standard method by which parties offer direct evidence, narrative is not the only means by which to offer direct evidence:

a. General Rule: A party may not pose leading questions to his or her own witness.

b. Exceptions:

i. A party may use leading questions if the party has called a hostile witness or adverse party to testify as that party’s own witness
ii. A party may use leading questions to assist a witness on direct examination who has difficulty responding due to a mental or physical defect or impairment.
iii. A party may used leading questions on direct examination to establish background facts not in controversy.

3. Preparation:
Counsel may prepare a witness for trial and rehearse the witness’s testimony provided that preparation does not alter or skew the witness’s testimony.

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