Brief Fact Summary. The defendant, Patrick Vigneau (the “defendant”), was convicted at trial for his participation in a drug distribution scheme.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. Documents which contain statements by third parties not involved in the business, may not be entered into evidence unredacted as records of regularly conducted business activities, as they do not contain the indicia of reliability required of exceptions to the hearsay rule.
Outsider information, where offered for its truth, is excluded unless some other hearsay exception applies to the outsider's own statement.View Full Point of Law
Issue. Whether unredacted copies of forms used by Western Union to send money were properly admitted at trial against defendant in support of the charges against him for money laundering under Federal Rules of Evidence (“FRE”) Rule 803(6) dealing with records of regularly conducted business activities.
Held. No. The Western Union forms were filled out in part by someone not affiliated with the business, and then admitted for all purposes, including the identity of the person that filled out the “sender” information on the form. These documents were improperly admitted.
Discussion. This document might have been admissible if Western Union had used a procedure for verifying the identity of the sender, but at the time of this trial, Western Union had no such procedure, making it impossible to prove that the person who filled out the “sender” information on the forms was who he said he was.