Brief Fact Summary. Appellant was arrested for various drug charges after the marijuana was discovered aboard his wrecked ship. The Coast Guard retrieved the marijuana after the ship sank, and Appellant challenges the chain of custody for admitting the evidence.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. Tangible evidence must be authenticated prior to be admitted.
The only function the Double Jeopardy Clause serves in cases challenging multiple punishments is to prevent the prosecutor from bringing more charges, and the sentencing court from imposing greater punishments, than the Legislative Branch intended.View Full Point of Law
Issue. Was the authentication testimony offered by the government adequate?
Held. The United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit affirmed the lower court in holding that the authentication testimony was sufficient to proved that the evidence was what it purported to be, which was marijuana seized from Appellant’s ship.
Discussion. The government had everyone in the chain of custody testify except for the special agent who received the marijuana from the Coast Guard to transport to the DEA. The Court of Appeals notes that a missing link in the chain does not necessarily prevent admission as long as the testimony is sufficient to determine that the evidence is what is purports to be.