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Pennsylvania v. Ritchie

Law Dictionary

Law Dictionary

Featuring Black's Law Dictionary 2nd Ed.
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Criminal Procedure keyed to Israel

Citation. Pennsylvania v. Ritchie, 1986 U.S. LEXIS 1407, 476 U.S. 1139, 106 S. Ct. 2244, 90 L. Ed. 2d 690, 54 U.S.L.W. 3777 (U.S. May 27, 1986)

Brief Fact Summary. Prior to his rape and incest trial, a defendant was not allowed access to a file that the Children and Youth Services had accumulated on him in investigating his victim’s complaint because it was deemed confidential under state law.

Synopsis of Rule of Law. Criminal defendants are allowed pretrial disclosure of confidential information if that information is deemed material to their defense by the trial court.

Facts. Respondent George F. Ritchie was convicted of rape and incest, among other things, for his assaults on his minor daughter. At the pretrial stage the defendant had attempted to obtain the contents of his file that the Children and Youth Services had accumulated in its investigation of the victim’s complaint, but was not granted access because it was considered confidential under Pennsylvania law. The Pennsylvania Supreme Court vacated the conviction and ordered the court to allow the respondent’s attorney access to the files. The state was then granted certiorari.

Issue. Is a criminal defendant entitled access to a youth service organization’s file of confidential information on grounds of the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment?

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