Brief Fact Summary. A number of informants were asked to identify a number of suspects in connection with a bank robbery. The respondent, Ash (the “respondent”), challenged the identification because counsel was not present at what was arguably a critical stage of the prosecution.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. An accused does not have the right to counsel at a post indictment photographic lineup
Issue. Whether the Sixth Amendment of the Constitution grants an accused the right to have counsel present at a post indictment photographic identification procedure?
Held. The Sixth Amendment of the Constitution does not grant an accused the right to counsel during a post indictment photographic identification procedure because the accused himself is not entitled to be present, rendering it impossible that the accused will be confused or overpowered by the proceedings.
Dissent. The dissent writes to emphasize that the photographic lineup is indeed a critical stage of the proceedings.
Concurrence. Justice Potter Stewart (“J. Stewart”) concurs to emphasize the point that any issues involved could be resolved through traditional methods such as cross examination.
Discussion. The Sixth Amendment of the Constitution guarantees the assistance of counsel during stages of the proceeding at which a defendant is faced with either the intricacies of the law, or a zealous prosecutor. Neither of these situations exist at a photographic display. The historical test to be applied to the Sixth Amendment issues indicates that the right has only been expanded when new facts have demanded it for the protection of the defendant.